Independent computer engineering consultant with four decades of experience in the casino gaming industry, including development of gaming and related technologies and extensive work with gaming regulators and agencies worldwide.

Formal Education

  • B.S. in Computer Engineering, Iowa State University

Career Highlights

  • While working for IGT, was responsible for development and implementation of player tracking and accounting systems and the deployment and support of 150+ installations of the SMART System and the first cashless system utilized by Caesar’s Palace
  • Assembled an R&D team for the development of a complete line of video gaming machines and an online accounting system
  • Designed the first complete online player tracking system
  • Prepared business plans and strategies for implementing cashless gaming products, including the use of smartcards and debit cards as well as Internet gaming
  • Co-author of books about slot machines and video poker
  • Named inventor on half a dozen issued U.S. patents related to cashless and progressive gaming systems
  • Believed to be the creator of the first disassembler program

Expert Qualifications

  • Has worked as an expert witness for plaintiffs and defendants in over a dozen patent litigations in various U.S. District Courts
  • Also retained as an expert witness in about half a dozen proceedings before the U.S. Patent Office, including both Inter Partes Reexams and PTAB Inter Partes Reviews
  • Technologies at issue included those used by Bally, IGT, Shufflemaster, Sony, Ubisoft, and WMS Gaming