Independent software and computer engineering consultant with more than twenty-five years of experience in systems for gaming and gambling. Following from an earlier decade of hands-on experience in the design of electronics and software for various other types of products, has developed specialized expertise in the design and analysis of casino games.

Formal Education

  • B.S. in Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer (RPI)

Career Highlights

  • Named inventor on over 250 issued U.S. patents for novel systems and methods in jackpot systems and jackpot game features, multiplayer features and bonus frameworks, slot game formats and features, bonus features, video poker games, table games (e.g., casino hold’em, roulette, blackjack, and pai gow), electronic tables, mobile gaming (including for remote hand-held wagering), number and leisure games, and general gaming system features
  • While an employee of International Game Technology (IGT), received a Patent of the Year award for an innovative online gaming system
  • Founded and led the department of gaming mathematics for a highly innovative slot machine manufacturer
  • Former freelance video game developer, including coding games in assembly for Nintendo GameBoy, creating 3-D games for Sega Saturn and Sony Playstation, and writing graphics processing code in C
  • Developed software for medical imaging systems including CT scans
  • Key contributor to the design and development to a supercomputer as well as developer of microcode for that and other proprietary CPUs
  • Completed post-graduate courses in mathematics, financial analysis, and programming, including at Stanford, U.C. Berkeley, and UNLV

Expert Qualifications

  • Expert witness for plaintiffs and defendants in over thirty legal proceedings, including in cases relating to casino gaming intellectual property and regulations as well as gambling and gambling math
  • Submitted an expert report, was deposed, and testified in a Nevada U.S. District Court casino game patent infringement litigation
  • Testified as an expert, including in depositions, more than half a dozen other times such as in a U.S. Tax Court case filed against the IRS
  • Performed expert review and submitted profit/loss analyses in support of about a dozen clients involved in gambling taxation disputes
  • Author of regulatory white papers (on bonusing in gaming systems and tilt testing) for the gaming control divisions of U.S. states